Vermont Hourly Paycheck and Payroll Calculator

Need help calculating paychecks? Use Gusto’s hourly paycheck calculator to determine withholdings and calculate take-home pay for your hourly employees in Vermont.

Simply enter their federal and state W-4 information as well as their pay rate, deductions and benefits, and we’ll crunch the numbers for you.

The information provided by the Paycheck Calculator provides general information regarding the calculation of taxes on wages for Vermont residents only. It is not a substitute for the advice of an accountant or other tax professional. The Paycheck Calculator may not account for every tax or fee that applies to you or your employer at any time. ZenPayroll, Inc., dba Gusto ("Gusto") does not warrant, promise or guarantee that the information in the Paycheck Calculator is accurate or complete, and Gusto expressly disclaims all liability, loss or risk incurred by employers or employees as a direct or indirect consequence of its use. By using the Paycheck Calculator, you waive any rights or claims you may have against Gusto in connection with its use.

Vermont Hourly Paycheck Calculator

Vermont might be small in size, but it packs a punch on payroll taxes and paycheck rules. Whether your small business is just starting out or you’ve been in the game for a while, staying up to date with paycheck laws and payroll taxes is a must. That’s why we’ve compiled the most frequently asked questions about these topics. 

Vermont payroll taxes

Here’s what you need to know about withholding payroll taxes in Vermont.

  • Vermont payroll taxes start with employees filling out  Form W-4VT. This information helps you determine how much you should withhold. 
  • If an employee does not complete this form, you will need to withhold tax as though no exemptions were claimed.
  • Employees only need to update  Form W-4VT in case of life events (such as marriage, divorce, birth or adoption of a child, etc.) which may impact their taxes.
  • The personal income tax rate in Vermont is 3.35%–8.75%.
  • Vermont does not have reciprocity with other states.

Additional Vermont forms

In addition to Form W-4VT mentioned above, Vermont employers also need to file the following forms:

  1. Vermont Withholding Tax Payment (VT WHT-430)*
  2. Vermont Annual W/H Reconciliation (VT WHT-434)
  3. Quarterly Withholding Reconciliation (VT WHT-436)
  4. Wage and Tax Statement (State W2)
  5. Vermont State W2 (VT W2)
  6. Vermont Quarterly Contribution (SUI) (VT C-101)
  7. New Hire Report

Vermont unemployment tax rate

Vermont requires most employers to pay unemployment insurance tax to help compensate workers who are out of work through no fault of their own. 

  • Employers pay Vermont unemployment tax on the first $13,500 of an employee’s wages.
  • New employers pay at a rate of 1.0%.
  • Experienced employers pay at a rate of 0.4–5.4%.
  • Unemployment tax in Vermont should be paid quarterly to the Vermont Department of Labor

Paying Vermont taxes

Here’s what you need to know about paying Vermont taxes:

  • Vermont’s payment frequency will mirror your federal payment frequency. 

Vermont minimum wage

In 2023, the minimum wage in Vermont is $13.18 per hour.

Vermont overtime pay

Because Vermont doesn’t have any state law governing overtime pay, the federal rules under the Fair Labor Standards Act apply. Generally speaking, hourly employees are to be paid time-and-a-half for all hours worked over 40 hours in a week.

Workers’ Compensation

Requirements to obtain Workers’ Compensation vary by state. This table outlines some of these requirements. If you determine that your company is required to purchase Workers’ Compensation insurance in your state, learn how to sign up for this insurance with Gusto. Sometimes, companies get a request for a workers’ comp audit—head to this article and click the workers’ comp audit reports dropdown for more information. 

New hires

Employers in Vermont need to report new employees.

  • New hires must be reported to Vermont New Hires.
  • New hires must be reported within 10 days of their first day of work. 

Payroll stubs

You must provide a pay stub to every employee that includes:

  1. Company’s legal name and address
  2. Employee’s name and last four digits of their Social Security number
  3. Pay period beginning and end dates
  4. Total hours worked
  5. Rate of pay
  6. Gross wages
  7. The amount and reason for any deduction

Final paychecks

Employers must pay final wages to employees within a certain timeframe, depending on the circumstances for leaving.

  • If a worker voluntarily resigns, final wages are due the next scheduled payday, or the following Friday—whichever is sooner.
  • For layoffs and involuntary terminations of employment, final wages are due within 72 hours.

Time off

Vermont law requires employers to provide the following types of time off to employees.

  • Jury duty
  • Family & parental leave requirements vary based on employer size: 
    • Employers with 10 or more employees, for parental leave
    • Employers with 15 or more employees, for long-term family leave 
    • Employers with 15 or more employees, for short-term family leave
  • Sick leave
  • Domestic violence leave applies under the earned sick time law and under the crime victim leave law.

Federal payroll taxes

In addition to Vermont-specific taxes, both you and your employees will pay a variety of federal payroll taxes. Check out the breakdown below.

Federal income tax

Unless they are exempt, your employees will pay federal income tax.

  • You must withhold federal income tax from employees’ pay, unless they are exempt. 
  • Each employee’s Form W-4 will differ based on their filing status and dependents, among other details—so the amount of income tax to be withheld will vary.
  • Form W-4 does not need to be sent to the IRS, but should be kept for your records.


Both you and your employees will pay Federal Insurance Contributions Act, or FICA tax.

  • FICA is made up of the Medicare tax and the Social Security tax. 
  • In 2023, the Social Security tax requires employers and employees to each contribute 6.2% of wages up to $2,600. 
  • The Medicare tax requires employers and employees to each contribute 1.45% of all wages. 
  • See the IRS webpage for details, like maximum thresholds.


Like the state, the federal government also has an unemployment tax, called FUTA, which is paid by employers.

  • FUTA is an annual tax an employer pays on the first $7,000 of each employee’s wages. 
  • The FUTA rate for 2023 is 6.0%, but many employers are able to pay less, for instance, up to 5.4% each year due to tax credits.
  • Most employers will pay this tax annually with Form 940. But larger employers with more than $500 in tax due will have to pay quarterly. 

Additional Medicare tax

The Additional Medicare tax is paid by employees. Here’s what you should know:

  • For employees who earn over $200,000 per year, 0.9% of earnings will need to be withheld for the Additional Medicare tax. 
  • Whether or not your employee owes this tax may depend on their filing status.

Paying federal taxes

How often you’ll pay federal payroll taxes depends on how much you owe.

  • Semi-weekly or monthly payments are required for federal withholding, Additional Medicare, and FICA taxes. And every quarter, a summary payroll tax return is due on Form 941, Employer’s Quarterly Federal Tax Return.
  • Quarterly or annual payments are required for federal unemployment tax. Most employers will pay annually, but quarterly payments are necessary if you owe more than $500. Each time you make a payment, you’ll need to file a payroll tax return on Form 940, Employer’s Annual Federal Unemployment (FUTA) Tax Return.

We’re here to help

If you don’t love manual number crunching and payroll taxes sound overwhelming to you, take advantage of Gusto’s full-service payroll options or use an experienced accountant to help you with the process.

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