Q: What Is the Difference Between a Roth 401(k) and a Roth IRA?

Roth 401(k)

A Roth 401(k) is a retirement savings plan set up by an employer for qualified employees.

Contributions are deducted from an employee’s check post-tax, meaning after federal and state taxes have been taken out. In some plans, the employer may also contribute by matching up to a certain percent of the employee’s contribution.

The maximum contribution that an employee under 50 can make in 2019 is $19,000. That total includes both their traditional 401(k) contributions and their Roth 401(k) contributions. If the employee is 50 or older, they may make an additional catch up contribution of $6,000.

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Roth IRA

A Roth IRA in an individual retirement account. It allows a person to set aside post-tax income up to a specified amount each year. In 2019, it’s a $6,000 contribution maximum, with an additional $1,000 allowed for those 50 or older.

Roth IRAs are not set up through an employer.

Learn more about Roth IRA contribution limits from the IRS.

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